The caudal and lateral portions of the anterior renal surfaces are covered by hepatic and splenic flexures of the colon. The flexures are mobilized to visualize the kidneys using a transperitoneal approach. The upper pole of the right kidney against the posterior surface of the right lobe of the liver, and the cleft between the two is Morrison's pouch.
The caudal view shows that the renal vessels make an angle of almost 90 degrees between the kidneys, aorta and inferior vena cava. The longer left renal vein makes the left kidney more favorable for transplant. Note the left gonadal vein draining into the left renal vein.
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