A 14-month-old boy was noted to have a right inguinal hernia and an undescended testis on the left. At birth, the child had gastroschisis (see abdominal wall hernias) which was repaired primarily (midline scar). At the time, the left testis was noted on the left side of the herniated viscera. The testis was returned to the left side of the abdomen when the viscera were reduced. The patient was now taken to the operating room for right inguinal hernia repair and left orchidopexy. A caudal block for postoperative pain control was placed after the patient was intubated.